OAB is defined based on symptoms of urgency, with or without urge incontinence, usually with frequency and nocturia, in the absence of pathological or metabolic conditions that might explain these symptoms
The 4 key symptoms associated with OAB are:
OAB affects the quality of life of approximately 17% of adults nationwide, The prevalence increases with age in both sexes.
Treatment options available in a stepwise manner:
1st – Behavioral therapy.
Avoid substances that may cause the bladder irritable and pass more urine. eg. Tea and coffee. Bladder training aims to help patients regain control of their bladder by teaching them to resist the urge to pass urine. Helps to increase bladder capacity and reduce the number of episodes of incontinence
2nd – Medication
Help to reduce bladder contraction and increase bladder capacity.
3rd – Minimal Invasive Procedure.
4th – Surgery
In some patients, surgery is only considered when all of the available measures have failed.